Vertical farming Climate systems - Enerdes

The growing demand for food and reliable supply of fresh produce has lead to the development of vertical farms. By growing crops on a small area in a multi-layer system, high yields can be achieved year round with predictable and high quality. A compact vertical growing system like this, also results in less energy and water consumption.

Microgreens, leafy greens and medical cannabis are very suitable crops for vertical farming. These crops are perfect for high density cultivations. Besides food production, seed processing and plant cultivation like cannabis, vertical farms are also often used for research of vegetation.

Vertical farming in climate containers

Vertical farming is the practice of producing vegetables, flowers or plants on vertically stacked layers. Often these multilayer structures are integrated in buildings like repurposed warehouses, shipping containers and other structures. Controlled Environment Agriculture Technology (CEA) are applied in these spaces, which means they implement artificial control of air distribution, temperatures, lighting and humidity. The primary goal of vertical farming is achieving a yield as high as possible on a limited available area, thus getting the maximum number of crops per square meter.

When one grows crops in a climate container, one of the many advantages is that the crops are not dependent on daylight. Production will experience less failure and will show higher and more consistent quality. Vertical production systems also allow for accurate prediction of yield and revenue. The closed system had multiple cultivation layers and light, air, water and nutrients are supplied and controlled at each layer.

Air distribution for vertical farming and indoor growing

Enerdes has developed and patented special air distribution hoses that provide perfectly homogeneous air distribution in every corner of your vertical growing space, at every level. Combined with our air handling systems, we can create excellent air circulation even if you have many growing levels in your vertical farm. Our air treatment solutions are flexible and can be customized to the size and shape of your vertical farm.

Clean cultivation in vertical greenhouse

Because vertical farms are closed growing systems, it is more easy to create a completely clean and safe production environment for the crops. Enerdes air handling units contain high grade filters that clean the air of any pollutants and pathogens like mold spores and microbes. Upon request we can also incorporate a UVC module. UVC light disintegrates microbes like mold spores, viruses and bacteria. To control carbon dioxide levels (CO2), fresh air and exhausts must be regulated. The
intake of fresh air must be controlled and clean. Exhaust fans can be combined with a carbon filter to provide odour control.

Advantages of vertical growing systems

A vertical farm should be regarded as a complete ecosystem on its own. There are many benefits to choosing vertical farming over traditional greenhouse crop production, like automating the climate to your crop’s needs. A few more are listed here:

– Unaffected by weather conditions, outdoor climate and daylight

  • Fully controllable climate and cultivation process
  • Efficient space usage and minimal area needed
  • Valuable logistics design and reduction of transport costs, because vertical farming can be carried out close to the customer.
  • Reduced cultivation time
  • Continuous crop delivery throughout the entire year
  • Uniform and better plant quality
  • Reduction of the margin of error
  • Lower energy consumption, energy efficient
  • Lower water usage and less fertilizer needed
  • Lower labour costs
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Closed process allows for no chemicals or pesticides and thus easy organic production
  • Employee safety

There are also some challenges involved with vertical farming. For example, because everything is automated and controlled electrically, power loss would be devastating. Therefore, a back -up power source like a generator is always included in the system design.

World leader in indoor climate control

For over 110 years, our company has been involved with climate systems. Enerdes has been a pioneer in climate control for agriculture and horticulture for almost twenty years. We have developed and patented greenhouse designs and greenhouse air handling units. And now we are at the front line of innovations for vertical farming, with a global customer base.

Vertical agriculture without daylight

Although one should consider the design very carefully and the climate system should be developed with precise engineering, many spaces can be converted to vertical farming ecosystems. Light, water and energy are used in the most efficient way, giving a small carbon footprint and minimising the ecological effect of agricultural industries. The following list includes examples of spaces that are often used for or converted to vertical growing locations.

  • Shipping containers
  • Warehouses
  • Factories
  • Underground rooms
  • Growth chambers
  • Other indoor spaces

What can be automated in your vertical farming system?
For full control over growing conditions and minimization of labour costs, it is beneficial to automate as much in the production process as possible. The following process can and should be automated in a vertical growing systems. All mechanisms that are part of climate control can be developed, supplied and installed by Enerdes.

  • Humidity and moisture control (Enerdes climate control)
  • Air Temperature, heating and cooling systems (Enerdes climate control)
  • Air flow and air circulation(Enerdes climate control)
  • Air distribution (Enerdes climate control)
  • Air refreshment, filtration and disinfection (Enerdes climate control)
  • Water sterilization and disinfection (Enerdes climate control)
  • Light
  • PH
  • Nutrient levels
  • Logistics

Increase of production and yield whilst learning from previous crop cycles, will give you the best production quality and return of investment (ROI).

Vertical urban farming

The closed and controlled greenhouse spaces may lead to 90% less water usage compared to traditional growing. This especially favourable considering water scarcity and climate change. Vertical farming also requires minimal land usage while providing year round crop production for low labour costs. This continuous delivery of high quality fresh produce leads to predictable and reliable revenue. It is favourable for indoor agriculture to have a scalable by modular design that has low maintenance. When designed well, the process can be fully automated and a high growing efficiency can be achieved.

Vertical growing methods is usually combined with soilless farming techniques such as hydroponics, aquaponics or aeroponics. These agricultural developments that lead to extremely efficient use of space, water and nutrients.

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